Whole chicken 2.0%; Unit value $1,074 per metric ton ($1,121)
The following table prepared from USDA data circulated by the USAPEEC, compares values for poultry meat exports for the first eleven months of 2017 with corresponding figures for 2016:-
PRODUCT Jan.-Nov. 2016 Jan.-Nov. 2017 Difference
Volume (metric tons) 2,741,379 2,816,411 +75,032 (+2.7%)
Value ( $ million) 2,611 2,879 +268 (+10.3%)
Unit value ( $/m. ton) 952 1,022 +70 (+7.3%)
Volume (metric tons) 235,619 258,207 +22,588 (+9.6%)
Value ($ million) 543 558 +15 (+2.8%)
Unit value ($/m. ton) 2,305 2,161 -144 (-6.2%)
Volume (metric tons) 144,029 167,273 +23,244 (+16.1%)
Value ($ million) 184 250 +66 (+35.9%)
Unit value ($/m. ton) 1,277 1,495 +218 (+17.1%)
COMPARISON OF U.S. EXPORT DATA FOR JANUARY-NOVEMBER 2017
COMPARED TO 2016
Total broiler exports for January-November 2017 compared with the corresponding eleven months in 2016 increased by 2.7 percent in volume and 10.3 percent in value. Unit value increased 7.3 percent from $952 per metric ton to $1,022 per metric ton. In November 2017, compared to the corresponding month in 2016, volume was up 2.2 percent and total value was 13.8 percent higher due to a rise of 11.4 percent in unit value to $1,043.
The U.S. broiler industry sells leg quarters, an undifferentiated commodity, in a shrinking and price-sensitive market against competition from other exporters and against domestic production in importing nations. The gain in value of the U.S. Dollar relative to the currencies of Brazil and Thailand impacts competitiveness.
The top five importers of broiler meat represented 41.8 percent of shipments during January-November 2017. The top ten importers contributed 59.2 percent of volume.
Mexico was the largest importer of broiler meat from the U.S. during the eleven-month period in 2017 with 19.4 percent of volume and 16.5 percent of total value with a unit value of $865 per metric ton.
Cuba attained the second-rank by volume with 6.9 percent of the total exported and increased their import volume from the U.S. by 35.6 percent compared to the volume for the first eleven months of 2016. It is hoped that this trade worth $153 million over the period at a unit price of $783 per metric ton will not be compromised by injudicious diplomatic activity or politically inspired restraints.
Angola remained as the third-place importer with 5.7 percent of volume over eleven months, 54.8 percent above 2016.
South Africa, the subject of considerable litigation and Congressional pressure in 2015 and 2016, ranked 9th during the eleven-month period with imports of 85,710 metric tons of in-bone product with a total value of $76.2 million (Unit value of $889 per metric ton). The incremental volume of 57,787 m. tons imported represents a 218 percent increase over the first eleven months of 2016.
There is consistent expansion of the ten, second-tier nations importing broiler meat with average monthly volumes ranging from 3,000 to 7,000 m. tons. This is attributed to the promotional activities of the USAPEEC and their regional representatives interacting with traders.
The volume of turkey meat exported during January-November 2017 increased by 9.6 percent and value rose by 2.8 percent compared to 2016 but there was a reduction in unit value of 6.2 percent from $2,305 per metric ton to $2,161 per metric ton.
Mexico received 61.6 percent of turkey meat shipped over eleven months representing an increase over 2016 of 14.3 percent, attaining 58.1 percent of value exported.
Hong Kong, the second-ranked importer after Mexico reduced volume of turkey meat by 82 percent compared to the first eleven months of 2016. Japan was down by 2.6 percent over the period.
Exports of chicken paws during the past eleven months increased in total volume by 16.1 percent compared to the corresponding period in 2016, with an increase in value by 35.9 percent. This was due to a 17.1 percent increase in unit value to $1,495 per ton. Hong Kong imported 97.6 percent of shipments. Trade in feet and paws was impacted by the unjustified blanket embargo imposed on the U.S. by China, our largest importer at the beginning of May 2015. This action included all imports from the entire U.S. following outbreaks of H5N2 strain avian influenza in turkey grow-out operations, egg-producing complexes, non-commercial farms and wild birds in the Northwest and North Central states. These areas were completely separated from regions with broiler production.
As the U.S. approaches the 6th Round of negotiations with Mexico and Canada in late January 2018 it is important to recognize that export of chicken and turkey products to our NAFTA partners amounted to $1.182 Billion over the first eleven months of 2017. This value is now in jeopardy unless an equitable re-negotiation of terms can be achieved.
There have been no reports of incident cases of either LPAI or HPAI in commercial flocks for over nine months. The statutory 90-day World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) period extending from decontamination after the last reported case has long since expired. Exports from other than the same counties or states where diagnosed, should not affect the volume of exports going forward contingent on importers following the Health OIE policy on regionalization. The live-bird market system, laying hens with outside access and migratory birds represent an ongoing danger to the entire U.S. commercial industry and the eligibility to export.
(SMS 081-17. January 12th 2017)